History 4 Grade4 lesson 180

Summarizing everything I leaned this week.

Witch is Morphine, Jacquard loom, and one of my favorite Inventions

1.Morphine.

What is Morphine? Morphine is a pain medication that is found from a poppy plant. It can be taken orally or injected. It acts directly on the central nervous system and alter emotional response to pain.

Who discovered it? Morphine was discovered by Freidrich Wilhelm Adam Serturner.

What year was it discovered? 1804.

Who is Freidrich Wilhelm Adam Serturner? Friedrich Wilhelm Adam Serturner was a German pharmacist and a pioneer chemistry. He is best known for his discovery of morphine in 1804.

Date of birth June 19, 1783.

Date of death February 20, 1841.

2. Jacquard loom.

What is it? The Jacquard machine is a device fitted to a loom, that simplifies the process of manufacturing textiles with such complex patterns. The resulting ensemble of the loom and Jacquard machine is then called a Jacquard loom.

Who made it? Joseph Marie Charles dit Jacquard

What year was it made?1804

Who is Joseph Marie Charles dit Jacquard? he was a French weaver and merchant. He played an important role in the development of the earliest programmable loom,

Date of birth July 7, 1752.

Date of death August 7, 1834.

3. Parachute

This is my favorite invention because it was originally made to help people to get out of burning down buildings in the year 1783 tried by Fausto Veranzio, and many years later on August 16, 1940, World War 1. So, this is why it is my favorite invention.

History 4 grade 4 lesson 175 4

 things I learned about this week

4 things I learned about this week are the Smallpox vaccine, Voltic pile, Arc light, and Dalton’s atomic theory.

  1. Smallpox vaccine

Well, what is the smallpox vaccine? The smallpox vaccine was the first vaccine to be developed against a contagious disease. In 1796, the British doctor Edward Jenner demonstrated that an infection with the relatively mild cowpox virus conferred immunity against the deadly smallpox virus.

Well, who is Edward Jenner? Edward Jenner was a British physician and scientist who pioneered the concept of vaccines including creating the smallpox vaccine, the world’s first vaccine.

Date of birth May 17, 1749, date of death January 26, 1823.

So, what was its benefit? The benefit of the smallpox vaccine was that less people died, and we could live without fear of getting this terrible very contagious vires.

  • Voltic pile

Well, what is the Voltic pile? The voltaic pile was the first electrical battery that could continuously provide an electric current to a circuit.

Who made it? It was invented by Italian physicist Alessandro Volta, who published his experiments in 1799.

Who is Alessandro Volta? Alessandro Volta was an Italian physicist, and chemist who was a pioneer of electricity and power who is credited as the inventor of the electric battery and the discoverer of methane. 

Date of birth February 18, 1745, date of death March 5, 1827.

3.Arc light

` Well, what is the arc lamp or arc light? An arc lamp or arc light is a lamp that produces light by an electric arc. The carbon arc light, which consists of an arc between carbon electrodes in air.

Who made it? Sir Humphry Davy was an English chemist and inventor from Cornwall who invented the Davy lamp and a very early form of arc lamp.

Date of birth December 17, 1778, date of death May 29, 1829

What year was it made? Eh made it in the year 1809.

4.Dalton’s atomic theory

Well, what is Dalton’s atomic theory? Dalton hypothesized that the law of conservation of mass and the law of definite proportions could be explained using the idea of atoms. He proposed that all matter is made of tiny indivisible particles called atoms.

Who made it? John Dalton

Who is John Dalton? John Dalton was an English chemist, physicist, and meteorologist. He is best known for introducing the atomic theory into chemistry, and for his research into colour blindness.

Date of birth September 6, 1766, date of death July 27, 1844

What year was his theory discovered? He discovered it in the year 1803.

-Logan

Science 4 grade 4 Lesson 175

Kelp forests

Well, what are kelp forests? Kelp forests are underwater areas with a high density of kelp, which covers a large part of the world’s coastlines. Smaller areas of anchored kelp are called kelp beds. They are recognized as one of the most productive and dynamic ecosystems on Earth.

What is kelp? Kelp is a brown and sometimes green algae or seaweed. There are about 30 different genera. Despite its appearance, kelp is not a plant since it is not made of more than one clearly differentiated tissue; it is a heterokont. 

How big can kelp get? Giant kelp often grows in turbulent water, which brings renewed supplies of nutrients. This allows the kelp to grow to a possible height of 175 feet.

Well, how do they grow so tall and not fall? they are held upright by gas-filled bladders at the base of leaflike blades, kelp fronds grow straight up to the surface toward sunlight. The stemlike trunk you could call it I guess are tough but flexible, allowing the kelp to sway in ocean currents.

Well, who lives in kelp forests? Many species of fish and marine mammals inhabit kelp forests for protection and food. In kelp forests, the most found invertebrates are bristle worms, scud, prawn, snails, and brittle stars.

And I think we will find more and more about kelp forests and discover new life within the depths of the deadly but beautiful oceans and seas.

-Logan

Goodbye Mr. Gary North

Honoring him.

I will honor his memory by doing an even better job in school and when school gets hard I will remember who made are curriculum and press forward, he will never be forgotten for the wonderful things he did. Its kind of hard to believe he is gone but I know it is true. When things like this happen it just puts you in a bad mood, so once more goodbye and Farwell Mr. Gary North we will honor your memory.

His death.

Gary North was diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2017, and underwent treatment for about five years. He died in hospice care in Dallas, Georgia (a town about 40 miles northwest of Atlanta, where he had lived since about 2008), on February 24, 2022, at the age of 80.

-Logan

History 4 grade 4 Lesson 170

4 thigs I leaned about this week are Optical telegraph, Cotton gin, Eli Whitney, and the Hydraulic press.

1.Optical telegraph

Well, what is the Optical telegraph? An optical telegraph is a line of stations, typically towers, for the purpose of giving information by means of visual signals.

Well, who invented it? Claude Chappe and his brother Ignace Chappe

Who is Claude Chappe? Claude Chappe was a French inventor who in 1792 demonstrated a practical semaphore system that eventually spanned all of France. His system consisted of a series of towers, each within line of sight of others, each supporting a wooden mast with two crossarms on pivots that could be placed in various positions.

Date of birth December 25, 1763, date of death January 23, 1805,

Who is Ignace Chappe? Ignace Urbain Jean Chappe, a French politician and administrator. Despite being the nephew of Jean-Baptiste Chappe d’Auteroche, an astronomer who became famous for traveling across Siberia to witness the transit of Venus, Ignace was never particularly interested in science.

Date of birth November 26, 1762, date of death January 25, 1829.

 Well what year was the Optical telegraph invented? The Semaphore Optical Telegraph was invented by the Chappe brothers in France in 1792. Claude Chappe, the primary inventor.

2. The Cotton gin

Well, what is the cotton gin? A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, makes the much the separation of cotton from the seeds much faster than manual cotton separation.

Who invented it? Eli Whitney Jr. was an American inventor, widely known for inventing the cotton gin, one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution that shaped the economy of the Antebellum South.

When was it made? Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin in 1794 his idea was based on earlier cotton gins and slightly based on ideas from other people.

3. Eli Whitney

Well, who is he? Eli Whitney Jr. was an American inventor, widely known for inventing the cotton gin, one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution that shaped the economy of the Antebellum South.

Well, when was he born? December 8, 1765

When did he die? January 8, 1825

Well, what is he most known for? Eli Whitney’s most famous invention was the cotton gin.

Where did he live? He lived in Connecticut which is a U.S. state in southern New England that has a mix of coastal cities and rural areas dotted with small towns. Mystic is famed for its Seaport Museum filled with centuries-old ships, and the beluga whale exhibits at Mystic Aquarium.

4. The Hydraulic press

Well, what is the Hydraulic press? A hydraulic press is a machine press using a hydraulic cylinder to generate a compressive force. It uses the hydraulic equivalent of a mechanical lever and was also known as a Bramah press after the inventor, Joseph Bramah, of England. He invented and was issued a patent on this press in 1795.

Well, who made it? Joseph Brama he was an English inventor and locksmith. He is best known for having improved the flush toilet and inventing the hydraulic press.

Date of birth April 13, 1748, date of death December 9, 1814

What year was the hydraulic press invented? 1t was made in the year 1795.

Hoped you like my essay!

-Logan

English 4 grade 4 Lesson 170

What were some of my favorite moments of my English class this year? What did I learn? What did I enjoy writing about?

Some of my favorite moments of this year? Well, I liked reading Heidi, the store of doctor Dolittle, and one I am currently reading is the wind in the willows. The wind in the willows is my favorite book I have ever read so far, and I am excited to read more books for grade 5 since this will be my last book to read for the year.

Well, what did I learn? I learned to classify sentences which was okay I learned to use certain words correctly by writing a sentence that contains todays vocabulary word. Also, I just finished learning all the parts of a book.

One thing I enjoyed writing about was English 4 grade 4 lesson 162 Two sords two brothers, I wrote this for my second creative writing essay here is I link to it.

Thank you for reading this essay of mine.

-Logan

Science 4 grade 4 lesson 165

For a citizen Science project, I am going to be writing about a bug that landed on my arm.

Well, I know it sounds kind of weird, but I have never seen it other then that time I remember it well, it was a nice summer day when I was in my back yard, and I was just looking at the chipmunks go by me since in my back yard is a big forest and there are all kinds of different animals that live in there. So, getting back to what I was saying I was sitting near the forest and suddenly, I looked at my arm and I saw a tiny bug on my arm it had green wings that looked like leaves it had a white body whit read patches and big black eyes he looked cool and cute!

Have you ever seen a bug like that?

-Logan

History lesson 165 grade 4

4 things I learned about this week

Four things I learned about this week are the Steamboat, Robert Fulton, argand lamp, and Power loom.

1.the steamboat

What is the steamboat? A steamboat is a boat that is propelled primarily by steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels.

Who invented it? While the credit usually goes to inventor Robert Fulton, John Fitch was the inventor of America’s first steamboat.

Well, who is Robert Fulton? Robert Fulton was an American engineer and inventor who is widely credited with developing the world’s first commercially successful steamboat, the North River Steamboat.

He made it in the 1787

His date of birth November 14, 1765, died

Well, who is John Fitch? John Fitch was an American inventor, clockmaker, entrepreneur, and engineer. He was most famous for operating the first steamboat service in the United States. The first boat, 45 feet long, was tested on the Delaware River by Fitch.

he first made the steamboat in the year 1778

His date of birth was January 21, 1743, date of death July 2, 1798

2. Robert Fulton

Well, who is Robert Fulton? Robert Fulton was an American engineer and inventor who is widely credited with developing the world’s first commercially successful steamboat, the North River Steamboat.

His date of birth November 14, 1765, died

Fulton is also credited with inventing some of the world’s earliest naval torpedoes for use by the Royal Navy.

3.Argrand lamp

Well, what is the argand lamp? The Argand lamp is a type of oil lamp invented in 1780 by Aimé Argand. Its output is 6 to 10 candelas, brighter than that of earlier lamps. Its more complete combustion of the candle wick and oil than in other lamps required much less frequent trimming of the wick.

Well, who invented the argand lamp? François-Pierre-Amédée Argand, known as Ami Argand was a Genevan physicist and chemist. He invented the Argand lamp, a great improvement on the traditional oil lamp.

Date of birth July 5, 1750, date of death October 24, 1803.

4. Power loom

Well, what is the power loom? A power loom is a mechanized loom and was one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving during the early Industrial Revolution. The

first power loom was designed in 1786 by Edmund Cartwright and first built that same year.

Well, who made it? By Edmund Cartwright he was an English inventor. He graduated from Oxford University very early and went on to invent the power loom. Married to local Elizabeth Micmac at 19, he was the brother of Major John Cartwright, a political reformer and radical, and George Cartwright, explorer of Labrador.

Date of birth April 24, 1743 date of death October 30, 1823

-Logan

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